Peru is a country located in the west of South America, it borders Ecuador to the north, Colombia to the northeast, Brazil to the east, Bolivia to the southeast, Chile to the south and the Pacific Ocean to the west. It has 24 provinces and one constitutional province. Peru has 84 of the 117 life zones on the planet, which is why it has a huge biodiversity. According to Köppen's international classification, Peru has 8 of the 11 main climates in the world. The current population of Peru is 32 million people, being the city of Lima the most densely populated with more than 9 million people, one of the most populated in Latin America. Lima is the second largest city in the world over a desert after Cairo.
Perú is divided into 3 geographical regions: Coast, Highland and Jungle:
The coast constitutes 11% of the territory and concentrates 52% of the population, it is arid and it spreads along the Pacific Ocean, it is characterized by its cliffs, peninsulas, bays and beautiful beaches, the climate varies on the coast, in the north the sun is present all year, in the central and south coast the climate varies depending on the season, during April and September the sky is covered with gray clouds, the rains are almost nonexistent except for the north coast.
The highland represents 30% of the territory and concentrate 36% of the population, it has a dry and temperate climate with many changes in temperature during the same day. The highland is a region which it crosses the Andes mountain range, in this region it is located in Huascarán snow-capped mountain at an altitude of 6,757 meters above sea level, being the highest point of the country and of the whole intertropical zone of the world.
The jungle represents 59% of the territory and concentrates only 12% of the population, it is one of the areas with the greatest biodiversity on the planet. The Amazon River is the largest and most abundant river in the world, originating in the Apacheta Gorge, Arequipa and spreading throughout Brazil and Colombia. The Amazon is considered the largest source of oxygen on the planet, in addition to having oil and natural gas deposits and gold mines.
Machu Picchu is the most important archaeological site in Peru and one of the most outstanding in the world. It was considered a world heritage site by UNESCO in 1983, under the name of the Historical Sanctuary of Machu Picchu. It is located in the province of Cuzco at 2,430 meters above sea level, one of the most popular ways to reach Machu Picchu is by train and if you want a memorable experience you can take the Hiram Bingahm train, one of the most luxurious trains in the world.
Peru is considered an emerging market, with a high score in the Human and Economic Development Index. Its main economic activities include agriculture, mining, fishing, construction and trade.
Undoubtedly, what most characterizes Peru is its gastronomy, considered one of the best in the world and the best in Latin America for the eighth consecutive year by the prestigious portal World Travel Awards. Peruvian gastronomy is the result of the fusion of Chinese, Spanish, Italian and Japanese food, this mixture of flavors makes it so diverse and unique. Without a doubt, Ceviche is the most representative dish of Peruvian gastronomy, but it is only one of many dishes that make it up, but there are others just as popular and tasty like Lomo Saltado, grilled chicken, Causa Limeña, Ají de Gallina, Papa a la Huancaína, Arroz con Pollo and Tacu Tacu to name a few. The great variety of desserts like the Suspiro a la Limeña, the Mazamorra Morada, the Picarones, the Turrón de Doña Pepa, unique soft drinks in the world like the Chicha Morada, as well as its diverse variety of tasty fruits within which the Peruvian Chirimoya stands out.
Of course, you can´t stop trying the original Pisco Sour.
¡Come, visit and enjoy our country! we wait for you.
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